Central Africa
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Central Africa

Population

192,599,175

Area

6,547,170 km²

GDP total

$259,770.71 million

Countries

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe.

4.86

Criminality Score

3rd of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.63

Human Trafficking

5.41

Human Smuggling

4.27

Arms Trafficking

5.91

Flora Crimes

5.68

Fauna Crimes

5.59

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

5.64

Heroin Trade

3.09

Cocaine Trade

2.55

Cannabis Trade

4.36

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.77

Criminal Actors

5.08

Mafia-Style Groups

3.45

Criminal Networks

5.09

State-Embedded Actors

7.09

Foreign Actors

4.68

2.95

State Resilience Score

5th of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

2.95

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.32

International Cooperation

3.82

National Policies and Laws

4.18

Judicial System and Detention

2.82

Law Enforcement

3.27

Territorial Integrity

3.73

Anti-Money Laundering

2.91

Economic Regulatory Environment

2.77

Victim and Witness Support

1.86

Prevention

1.95

Non-State Actors

2.77

2.95 5.08 4.63 2.95 5.08 4.63

Central Africa’s criminality score falls below the continental average, placing it third in the regional ranking.

In line with other regions, criminal actors marginally drive up the criminality average for Central Africa, with an average score of 5.08, compared to its criminal markets average score of 4.63. When looking at the criminality components individually, both criminal markets and actors fall below the continental averages (4.68 and 5.25, respectively), suggesting perhaps a more limited distribution of criminality typologies than experienced in other regions. In the context of prolonged conflict in the region and the extensive biodiversity that occurs in many countries in Central Africa, arms trafficking and the environmental markets are far more prevalent than are the drug economies. While the region’s average criminal actors score places this subcomponent in the middle of the regional ranking, state-embedded actors have the highest average score in Central Africa than in any other region on the continent. Central Africa is by some distance the lowest-scoring region in Africa for resilience, with an average score of 2.95. While the region does not perform well on any resilience indicator, collectively it falls particularly short with regard to social protection measures, such as victim and witness support and prevention measures.

Algeria

Capital

Algiers

Population

42,228,429

Area

2,381,740 km²

Coastline Length

998 km

Landborder Length

6,734 km

GDP total

$180,689.12 million

GDP per capita

$4,278.85

GINI Index

27.6

4.22

Criminality Score

40th of 54 African countries

5th of 6 North Africa countries

Criminal market

4.30

Human Trafficking

4.50

Human Smuggling

5.50

Arms Trafficking

5.00

Flora Crimes

1.00

Fauna Crimes

4.00

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

7.00

Heroin Trade

2.50

Cocaine Trade

3.50

Cannabis Trade

6.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

4.00

Criminal Actors

4.13

Mafia-Style Groups

1.00

Criminal Networks

5.50

State-Embedded Actors

6.50

Foreign Actors

3.50

4.75

State Resilience Score

15th of 54 African countries

3rd of 6 North Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

6.50

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.50

International Cooperation

4.00

National Policies and Laws

7.00

Judicial System and Detention

4.00

Law Enforcement

7.00

Territorial Integrity

7.50

Anti-Money Laundering

3.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

5.00

Victim and Witness Support

3.00

Prevention

4.00

Non-State Actors

3.50

4.75 4.13 4.30 4.75 4.13 4.30

Algeria ranks 40th in Africa in the Index, and 5th out of the six countries in North Africa, placing it in the bottom third of the criminality ranking for Africa overall.

The country’s scores for criminal markets and criminal actors are both relatively and equally low in comparison to other countries on the continent, suggesting neither component is disproportionately driving the overall criminality score. The criminal market with the highest score in Algeria is non-renewable resources crimes, driven almost exclusively by illegal oil smuggling into neighbouring countries. Algeria has also received a high score for the cannabis trade, which is perhaps unsurprising given its proximity to Morocco. Finally, human smuggling also has a high score, the result of the country’s geographical position on the Mediterranean and, crucially, sharing borders with Morocco and Libya. State-embedded actors receive the highest score among criminal actors, because of high levels of corruption in the regime of President Abdelaziz Bouteflika. In terms of resilience, Algeria ranks 15th on the continent and 3rd regionally, reflecting a relatively high resilience to organised crime. While scoring impressively on indicators such as national policies and laws and territorial integrity, there is significant scope for improvement with regard to indicators such as government transparency and accountability and anti-money laundering.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.