Central Africa
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Central Africa

Population

192,599,175

Area

6,547,170 km²

GDP total

$259,770.71 million

Countries

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe.

4.86

Criminality Score

3rd of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.63

Human Trafficking

5.41

Human Smuggling

4.27

Arms Trafficking

5.91

Flora Crimes

5.68

Fauna Crimes

5.59

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

5.64

Heroin Trade

3.09

Cocaine Trade

2.55

Cannabis Trade

4.36

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.77

Criminal Actors

5.08

Mafia-Style Groups

3.45

Criminal Networks

5.09

State-Embedded Actors

7.09

Foreign Actors

4.68

2.95

State Resilience Score

5th of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

2.95

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.32

International Cooperation

3.82

National Policies and Laws

4.18

Judicial System and Detention

2.82

Law Enforcement

3.27

Territorial Integrity

3.73

Anti-Money Laundering

2.91

Economic Regulatory Environment

2.77

Victim and Witness Support

1.86

Prevention

1.95

Non-State Actors

2.77

2.95 5.08 4.63 2.95 5.08 4.63

Central Africa’s criminality score falls below the continental average, placing it third in the regional ranking.

In line with other regions, criminal actors marginally drive up the criminality average for Central Africa, with an average score of 5.08, compared to its criminal markets average score of 4.63. When looking at the criminality components individually, both criminal markets and actors fall below the continental averages (4.68 and 5.25, respectively), suggesting perhaps a more limited distribution of criminality typologies than experienced in other regions. In the context of prolonged conflict in the region and the extensive biodiversity that occurs in many countries in Central Africa, arms trafficking and the environmental markets are far more prevalent than are the drug economies. While the region’s average criminal actors score places this subcomponent in the middle of the regional ranking, state-embedded actors have the highest average score in Central Africa than in any other region on the continent. Central Africa is by some distance the lowest-scoring region in Africa for resilience, with an average score of 2.95. While the region does not perform well on any resilience indicator, collectively it falls particularly short with regard to social protection measures, such as victim and witness support and prevention measures.

Republic of the Congo

Capital

Brazzaville

Population

5,244,363

Area

341,500 km²

Coastline Length

169 km

Landborder Length

5,008 km

GDP total

$11,263.68 million

GDP per capita

$2,147.77

GINI Index

48.9

4.85

Criminality Score

29th of 54 African countries

5th of 11 Central Africa countries

Criminal market

4.45

Human Trafficking

4.00

Human Smuggling

4.00

Arms Trafficking

4.00

Flora Crimes

8.00

Fauna Crimes

7.00

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

3.00

Heroin Trade

3.50

Cocaine Trade

5.00

Cannabis Trade

4.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

2.00

Criminal Actors

5.25

Mafia-Style Groups

3.00

Criminal Networks

6.00

State-Embedded Actors

8.00

Foreign Actors

4.00

3.08

State Resilience Score

36th of 54 African countries

5th of 11 Central Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

3.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

1.00

International Cooperation

4.00

National Policies and Laws

4.00

Judicial System and Detention

2.00

Law Enforcement

4.00

Territorial Integrity

3.00

Anti-Money Laundering

4.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.00

Victim and Witness Support

2.00

Prevention

3.00

Non-State Actors

3.00

3.08 5.25 4.45 3.08 5.25 4.45

The Republic of Congo ranks 29th in the Index, with a criminality score in line with the African average.

Consistent with continental trends, the criminal actors score drives up the overall criminality score more than its criminal markets score. The illicit flora and fauna markets, particularly the illegal logging of timber, as well as poaching for bushmeat and ivory, are among the country’s primary illicit economies, scoring 8 and 7, respectively. Additionally, because of cocaine transiting the country and the involvement of high-ranking officials in the cocaine trade, the cocaine market was assessed as having a moderately negative influence on society. The country scores moderately for human smuggling, human trafficking and arms trafficking, all scoring 4. In line with regional trends, state-embedded actors are the most pervasive criminal actor type in the country, scoring 8, largely because of endemic corruption, which enables criminal networks to develop. In terms of resilience, the Republic of Congo scored relatively poorly, with no score exceeding 4, and it ranks 36th in Africa. Porous borders, corruption that is present at the highest levels of government, and insufficient victim and witness support are among the contributors to the country’s low levels of resilience.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.