Central Africa
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Central Africa

Population

192,599,175

Area

6,547,170 km²

GDP total

$259,770.71 million

Countries

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe.

4.86

Criminality Score

3rd of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.63

Human Trafficking

5.41

Human Smuggling

4.27

Arms Trafficking

5.91

Flora Crimes

5.68

Fauna Crimes

5.59

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

5.64

Heroin Trade

3.09

Cocaine Trade

2.55

Cannabis Trade

4.36

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.77

Criminal Actors

5.08

Mafia-Style Groups

3.45

Criminal Networks

5.09

State-Embedded Actors

7.09

Foreign Actors

4.68

2.95

State Resilience Score

5th of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

2.95

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.32

International Cooperation

3.82

National Policies and Laws

4.18

Judicial System and Detention

2.82

Law Enforcement

3.27

Territorial Integrity

3.73

Anti-Money Laundering

2.91

Economic Regulatory Environment

2.77

Victim and Witness Support

1.86

Prevention

1.95

Non-State Actors

2.77

2.95 5.08 4.63 2.95 5.08 4.63

Central Africa’s criminality score falls below the continental average, placing it third in the regional ranking.

In line with other regions, criminal actors marginally drive up the criminality average for Central Africa, with an average score of 5.08, compared to its criminal markets average score of 4.63. When looking at the criminality components individually, both criminal markets and actors fall below the continental averages (4.68 and 5.25, respectively), suggesting perhaps a more limited distribution of criminality typologies than experienced in other regions. In the context of prolonged conflict in the region and the extensive biodiversity that occurs in many countries in Central Africa, arms trafficking and the environmental markets are far more prevalent than are the drug economies. While the region’s average criminal actors score places this subcomponent in the middle of the regional ranking, state-embedded actors have the highest average score in Central Africa than in any other region on the continent. Central Africa is by some distance the lowest-scoring region in Africa for resilience, with an average score of 2.95. While the region does not perform well on any resilience indicator, collectively it falls particularly short with regard to social protection measures, such as victim and witness support and prevention measures.

Sudan

Capital

Khartoum

Population

41,801,533

Area

1,882,000 km²

Coastline Length

853 km

Landborder Length

6,819 km

GDP total

$40,851.54 million

GDP per capita

$977.27

GINI Index

35.4

6.38

Criminality Score

6th of 54 African countries

3rd of 9 East Africa countries

Criminal market

5.75

Human Trafficking

8.50

Human Smuggling

8.00

Arms Trafficking

9.00

Flora Crimes

1.50

Fauna Crimes

5.00

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

8.50

Heroin Trade

2.00

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

8.50

Synthetic Drugs Trade

4.00

Criminal Actors

7.00

Mafia-Style Groups

5.00

Criminal Networks

7.50

State-Embedded Actors

8.00

Foreign Actors

7.50

2.83

State Resilience Score

38th of 54 African countries

6th of 9 East Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

3.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.00

International Cooperation

4.00

National Policies and Laws

6.50

Judicial System and Detention

3.50

Law Enforcement

3.50

Territorial Integrity

2.00

Anti-Money Laundering

4.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

2.50

Victim and Witness Support

1.00

Prevention

1.00

Non-State Actors

1.00

2.83 7.00 5.75 2.83 7.00 5.75

Sudan ranks 6th in the Index for criminality, with high scores for multiple criminal markets and criminal actor types.

This is mostly due to its role as a major transit country for arms trafficking, human trafficking, human smuggling and the illicit trade in non-renewable resources. Although Sudan is not a major transit country for drugs, local cannabis production and consumption are high. Experts note the presence of established criminal networks, state-embedded actors and foreign actors, all of which contribute to organised crime. Sudan scores relatively poorly on resilience, ranking 38th in Africa, though some indicators are deemed to be moderately effective. The failure to address organised crime appears to stem mostly from lack of political will, undoubtedly influenced by high levels of involvement of state officials in illicit trade flows.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.