Central Africa
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Central Africa

Population

192,599,175

Area

6,547,170 km²

GDP total

$259,770.71 million

Countries

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe.

4.86

Criminality Score

3rd of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.63

Human Trafficking

5.41

Human Smuggling

4.27

Arms Trafficking

5.91

Flora Crimes

5.68

Fauna Crimes

5.59

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

5.64

Heroin Trade

3.09

Cocaine Trade

2.55

Cannabis Trade

4.36

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.77

Criminal Actors

5.08

Mafia-Style Groups

3.45

Criminal Networks

5.09

State-Embedded Actors

7.09

Foreign Actors

4.68

2.95

State Resilience Score

5th of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

2.95

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.32

International Cooperation

3.82

National Policies and Laws

4.18

Judicial System and Detention

2.82

Law Enforcement

3.27

Territorial Integrity

3.73

Anti-Money Laundering

2.91

Economic Regulatory Environment

2.77

Victim and Witness Support

1.86

Prevention

1.95

Non-State Actors

2.77

2.95 5.08 4.63 2.95 5.08 4.63

Central Africa’s criminality score falls below the continental average, placing it third in the regional ranking.

In line with other regions, criminal actors marginally drive up the criminality average for Central Africa, with an average score of 5.08, compared to its criminal markets average score of 4.63. When looking at the criminality components individually, both criminal markets and actors fall below the continental averages (4.68 and 5.25, respectively), suggesting perhaps a more limited distribution of criminality typologies than experienced in other regions. In the context of prolonged conflict in the region and the extensive biodiversity that occurs in many countries in Central Africa, arms trafficking and the environmental markets are far more prevalent than are the drug economies. While the region’s average criminal actors score places this subcomponent in the middle of the regional ranking, state-embedded actors have the highest average score in Central Africa than in any other region on the continent. Central Africa is by some distance the lowest-scoring region in Africa for resilience, with an average score of 2.95. While the region does not perform well on any resilience indicator, collectively it falls particularly short with regard to social protection measures, such as victim and witness support and prevention measures.

Cabo Verde

Capital

Praia

Population

543,767

Area

4,030 km²

Coastline Length

965 km

GDP total

$1,986.93 million

GDP per capita

$3,654.01

GINI Index

47.2

3.74

Criminality Score

45th of 54 African countries

15th of 15 West Africa countries

Criminal market

3.60

Human Trafficking

2.50

Human Smuggling

1.50

Arms Trafficking

2.50

Flora Crimes

3.00

Fauna Crimes

5.00

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

1.00

Heroin Trade

4.50

Cocaine Trade

6.50

Cannabis Trade

5.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

4.50

Criminal Actors

3.88

Mafia-Style Groups

3.00

Criminal Networks

3.50

State-Embedded Actors

2.00

Foreign Actors

7.00

6.54

State Resilience Score

1st of 54 African countries

1st of 15 West Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

7.50

Government Transparency and Accountability

6.50

International Cooperation

8.00

National Policies and Laws

7.00

Judicial System and Detention

7.00

Law Enforcement

7.00

Territorial Integrity

7.50

Anti-Money Laundering

6.50

Economic Regulatory Environment

6.00

Victim and Witness Support

3.50

Prevention

6.00

Non-State Actors

6.00

6.54 3.88 3.60 6.54 3.88 3.60

Cabo Verde is ranked 45th in the Index, placing it in the ten countries with the lowest levels of criminality, and with low scores in many criminal markets.

The country has a low overall criminality score, with most markets and actors not deemed as exerting a significant negative impact on society. The most significant issues reported are the trafficking, consumption and limited production of narcotics such as cocaine, cannabis and synthetic drugs. Although environmental crimes score relatively well, experts noted with concern growing levels of some fauna crimes. The only established criminal actors in Cabo Verde are foreign actors, who score 7, owing to their involvement in the drugs trade. Cabo Verde is ranked as the most resilient nation in Africa, scoring above 6 in all but one of the building blocks of resilience. The government has a coherent strategy to combat organised crime, in particular the consumption and trafficking of narcotics, which is a high priority in Cabo Verde. Strong international cooperation, freedom of press, and low levels corruption are some of the areas in which Cabo Verde scores highly.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.