Central Africa
x

Central Africa

Population

192,599,175

Area

6,547,170 km²

GDP total

$259,770.71 million

Countries

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe.

4.86

Criminality Score

3rd of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.63

Human Trafficking

5.41

Human Smuggling

4.27

Arms Trafficking

5.91

Flora Crimes

5.68

Fauna Crimes

5.59

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

5.64

Heroin Trade

3.09

Cocaine Trade

2.55

Cannabis Trade

4.36

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.77

Criminal Actors

5.08

Mafia-Style Groups

3.45

Criminal Networks

5.09

State-Embedded Actors

7.09

Foreign Actors

4.68

2.95

State Resilience Score

5th of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

2.95

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.32

International Cooperation

3.82

National Policies and Laws

4.18

Judicial System and Detention

2.82

Law Enforcement

3.27

Territorial Integrity

3.73

Anti-Money Laundering

2.91

Economic Regulatory Environment

2.77

Victim and Witness Support

1.86

Prevention

1.95

Non-State Actors

2.77

2.95 5.08 4.63 2.95 5.08 4.63

Central Africa’s criminality score falls below the continental average, placing it third in the regional ranking.

In line with other regions, criminal actors marginally drive up the criminality average for Central Africa, with an average score of 5.08, compared to its criminal markets average score of 4.63. When looking at the criminality components individually, both criminal markets and actors fall below the continental averages (4.68 and 5.25, respectively), suggesting perhaps a more limited distribution of criminality typologies than experienced in other regions. In the context of prolonged conflict in the region and the extensive biodiversity that occurs in many countries in Central Africa, arms trafficking and the environmental markets are far more prevalent than are the drug economies. While the region’s average criminal actors score places this subcomponent in the middle of the regional ranking, state-embedded actors have the highest average score in Central Africa than in any other region on the continent. Central Africa is by some distance the lowest-scoring region in Africa for resilience, with an average score of 2.95. While the region does not perform well on any resilience indicator, collectively it falls particularly short with regard to social protection measures, such as victim and witness support and prevention measures.

Côte d'Ivoire

Capital

Yamoussoukro

Population

25,069,229

Area

318,000 km²

Coastline Length

515 km

Landborder Length

3,458 km

GDP total

$43,007.05 million

GDP per capita

$1,715.53

GINI Index

41.5

6.23

Criminality Score

8th of 54 African countries

2nd of 15 West Africa countries

Criminal market

5.95

Human Trafficking

7.00

Human Smuggling

5.00

Arms Trafficking

7.00

Flora Crimes

7.50

Fauna Crimes

6.50

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

7.50

Heroin Trade

4.00

Cocaine Trade

3.00

Cannabis Trade

6.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

6.00

Criminal Actors

6.50

Mafia-Style Groups

3.00

Criminal Networks

7.50

State-Embedded Actors

8.00

Foreign Actors

7.50

4.54

State Resilience Score

18th of 54 African countries

6th of 15 West Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

6.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.00

International Cooperation

6.00

National Policies and Laws

4.50

Judicial System and Detention

6.00

Law Enforcement

4.00

Territorial Integrity

4.50

Anti-Money Laundering

4.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

5.00

Victim and Witness Support

3.50

Prevention

3.00

Non-State Actors

4.00

4.54 6.50 5.95 4.54 6.50 5.95

Côte d’Ivoire has a high level of criminality, ranking 8th in Africa.

Although most African countries’ criminality score is driven predominantly by the strength and influence of criminal actors, Côte d’Ivoire is an obvious exception, in that it also hosts a plethora of pervasive criminal markets that have a significant negative impact on the country’s society and state structures. In particular, the country's environmental-crime markets exert a significant, and growing, negative influence on nearly all parts of society. Concerns surround illegal logging and criminalised control of the country's gold mines (leading to illegal taxation), as well as human smuggling and human trafficking for labour. The nation is both a transit and origin country for the trafficking of ivory by criminal gangs, and plays a major role in the illegal ape and birds’ markets; corruption is linked to these networking routes and activities. Due to the country’s recent turbulence, it has experienced an increase in the flow of arms, while there are also concerns that the state's fragility will lead to large-scale trafficking of illicit substances. In addition to criminal gangs that operate in the country, and corruption within the government, foreign criminal actors are also thought to have a growing detrimental impact on society. In terms of resilience, Cote d’Ivoire ranks 18th in Africa. This is due to relatively high levels of international cooperation, a strong judicial system and a robust political leadership in the fight against organised crime. However, the country's porous borders and levels of corruption need to be addressed to enhance its ability to combat organised crime effectively.

For a better experience, please rotate your device.

The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.