Central Africa
x

Central Africa

Population

192,599,175

Area

6,547,170 km²

GDP total

$259,770.71 million

Countries

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe.

4.86

Criminality Score

3rd of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.63

Human Trafficking

5.41

Human Smuggling

4.27

Arms Trafficking

5.91

Flora Crimes

5.68

Fauna Crimes

5.59

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

5.64

Heroin Trade

3.09

Cocaine Trade

2.55

Cannabis Trade

4.36

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.77

Criminal Actors

5.08

Mafia-Style Groups

3.45

Criminal Networks

5.09

State-Embedded Actors

7.09

Foreign Actors

4.68

2.95

State Resilience Score

5th of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

2.95

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.32

International Cooperation

3.82

National Policies and Laws

4.18

Judicial System and Detention

2.82

Law Enforcement

3.27

Territorial Integrity

3.73

Anti-Money Laundering

2.91

Economic Regulatory Environment

2.77

Victim and Witness Support

1.86

Prevention

1.95

Non-State Actors

2.77

2.95 5.08 4.63 2.95 5.08 4.63

Central Africa’s criminality score falls below the continental average, placing it third in the regional ranking.

In line with other regions, criminal actors marginally drive up the criminality average for Central Africa, with an average score of 5.08, compared to its criminal markets average score of 4.63. When looking at the criminality components individually, both criminal markets and actors fall below the continental averages (4.68 and 5.25, respectively), suggesting perhaps a more limited distribution of criminality typologies than experienced in other regions. In the context of prolonged conflict in the region and the extensive biodiversity that occurs in many countries in Central Africa, arms trafficking and the environmental markets are far more prevalent than are the drug economies. While the region’s average criminal actors score places this subcomponent in the middle of the regional ranking, state-embedded actors have the highest average score in Central Africa than in any other region on the continent. Central Africa is by some distance the lowest-scoring region in Africa for resilience, with an average score of 2.95. While the region does not perform well on any resilience indicator, collectively it falls particularly short with regard to social protection measures, such as victim and witness support and prevention measures.

Cameroon

Capital

Yaounde

Population

25,216,237

Area

472,710 km²

Coastline Length

402 km

Landborder Length

5,018 km

GDP total

$38,502.06 million

GDP per capita

$1,526.88

GINI Index

46.6

5.98

Criminality Score

13th of 54 African countries

3rd of 11 Central Africa countries

Criminal market

5.95

Human Trafficking

6.50

Human Smuggling

5.50

Arms Trafficking

6.00

Flora Crimes

7.50

Fauna Crimes

7.50

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

7.50

Heroin Trade

4.00

Cocaine Trade

2.00

Cannabis Trade

6.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

7.00

Criminal Actors

6.00

Mafia-Style Groups

3.50

Criminal Networks

7.50

State-Embedded Actors

8.00

Foreign Actors

5.00

3.33

State Resilience Score

32nd of 54 African countries

4th of 11 Central Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

2.50

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.00

International Cooperation

5.00

National Policies and Laws

4.50

Judicial System and Detention

3.00

Law Enforcement

4.00

Territorial Integrity

3.00

Anti-Money Laundering

3.50

Economic Regulatory Environment

3.00

Victim and Witness Support

2.50

Prevention

2.00

Non-State Actors

5.00

3.33 6.00 5.95 3.33 6.00 5.95

Cameroon has high levels of organised crime, ranking 13th in Africa for criminality.

With the exception of the cocaine and heroin markets, all other criminal markets in the country are considered to have a moderate to significant negative influence on society. Human trafficking and smuggling are prevalent throughout the country although the highest scores are in the environmental criminal markets. There are concerns surrounding illicit trafficking and smuggling of timber, gemstones and stolen fuel. Furthermore, Cameroon has become a hotspot for the poaching, smuggling and trafficking of wildlife products, and these markets are often controlled by national criminal networks. Cameroon is considered a highly corrupt state, with criminal state-embedded actors having a negative impact on nearly all parts of society as a result of their involvement in numerous criminal markets, scoring 8. In terms of resilience, Cameroon’s opaque government means that there are high levels of corruption, which undermines any ability to combat organised crime effectively. While Cameroon scores relatively well on international cooperation and non-state actors, most other resilience indicators are characterised by extreme ineffectiveness. Indeed, Cameroon ranks 32nd in Africa on overall resilience.

For a better experience, please rotate your device.

The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.