Central Africa
x

Central Africa

Population

192,599,175

Area

6,547,170 km²

GDP total

$259,770.71 million

Countries

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe.

4.86

Criminality Score

3rd of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.63

Human Trafficking

5.41

Human Smuggling

4.27

Arms Trafficking

5.91

Flora Crimes

5.68

Fauna Crimes

5.59

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

5.64

Heroin Trade

3.09

Cocaine Trade

2.55

Cannabis Trade

4.36

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.77

Criminal Actors

5.08

Mafia-Style Groups

3.45

Criminal Networks

5.09

State-Embedded Actors

7.09

Foreign Actors

4.68

2.95

State Resilience Score

5th of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

2.95

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.32

International Cooperation

3.82

National Policies and Laws

4.18

Judicial System and Detention

2.82

Law Enforcement

3.27

Territorial Integrity

3.73

Anti-Money Laundering

2.91

Economic Regulatory Environment

2.77

Victim and Witness Support

1.86

Prevention

1.95

Non-State Actors

2.77

2.95 5.08 4.63 2.95 5.08 4.63

Central Africa’s criminality score falls below the continental average, placing it third in the regional ranking.

In line with other regions, criminal actors marginally drive up the criminality average for Central Africa, with an average score of 5.08, compared to its criminal markets average score of 4.63. When looking at the criminality components individually, both criminal markets and actors fall below the continental averages (4.68 and 5.25, respectively), suggesting perhaps a more limited distribution of criminality typologies than experienced in other regions. In the context of prolonged conflict in the region and the extensive biodiversity that occurs in many countries in Central Africa, arms trafficking and the environmental markets are far more prevalent than are the drug economies. While the region’s average criminal actors score places this subcomponent in the middle of the regional ranking, state-embedded actors have the highest average score in Central Africa than in any other region on the continent. Central Africa is by some distance the lowest-scoring region in Africa for resilience, with an average score of 2.95. While the region does not perform well on any resilience indicator, collectively it falls particularly short with regard to social protection measures, such as victim and witness support and prevention measures.

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Capital

Kinshasa

Population

84,068,091

Area

2,267,050 km²

Coastline Length

37 km

Landborder Length

10,481 km

GDP total

$47,227.54 million

GDP per capita

$561.78

GINI Index

42.1

7.29

Criminality Score

2nd of 54 African countries

1st of 11 Central Africa countries

Criminal market

6.45

Human Trafficking

7.50

Human Smuggling

5.50

Arms Trafficking

9.00

Flora Crimes

8.50

Fauna Crimes

8.00

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

9.00

Heroin Trade

4.00

Cocaine Trade

3.50

Cannabis Trade

7.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

2.50

Criminal Actors

8.13

Mafia-Style Groups

8.50

Criminal Networks

8.00

State-Embedded Actors

8.00

Foreign Actors

8.00

1.96

State Resilience Score

50th of 54 African countries

9th of 11 Central Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

1.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

1.50

International Cooperation

2.00

National Policies and Laws

3.50

Judicial System and Detention

2.00

Law Enforcement

1.00

Territorial Integrity

2.00

Anti-Money Laundering

1.50

Economic Regulatory Environment

1.50

Victim and Witness Support

2.00

Prevention

1.50

Non-State Actors

4.00

1.96 8.13 6.45 1.96 8.13 6.45

The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) ranks 2nd in Africa criminality, with eight out of ten criminal markets scoring above 5, and all criminal actor types scoring 8 or above.

A relatively notable differential between the two criminality subcomponents suggests that criminal actors drive the DRC’s overall criminality score. In terms of criminal markets, environmental crimes consistently have high scores, with concerns that illegal logging, poaching and wildlife trafficking are rife. Most notable, however, are non-renewable resource crimes. Actors, from government forces to rebel militia, are involved in, and benefit from, the illicit trade of gold and criminal control of artisanal mining of conflict minerals and cobalt. These mines are also hotspots for the pervasive human trafficking and human smuggling markets. Armed mafia-style groups, and national and international criminal networks, are involved in high levels of organised crime throughout nearly all criminal markets and there is a high level of corruption within the government. This directly impacts the DRC’s resilience to organised crime and hinders all operations within the country. Across all resilience indicators, there is a marked lack of capacity to prevent and combat organised crime, and it is therefore entrenched in society. The DRC ranks 50th in Africa for resilience.

For a better experience, please rotate your device.

The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.