Central Africa
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Central Africa

Population

192,599,175

Area

6,547,170 km²

GDP total

$259,770.71 million

Countries

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe.

4.86

Criminality Score

3rd of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.63

Human Trafficking

5.41

Human Smuggling

4.27

Arms Trafficking

5.91

Flora Crimes

5.68

Fauna Crimes

5.59

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

5.64

Heroin Trade

3.09

Cocaine Trade

2.55

Cannabis Trade

4.36

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.77

Criminal Actors

5.08

Mafia-Style Groups

3.45

Criminal Networks

5.09

State-Embedded Actors

7.09

Foreign Actors

4.68

2.95

State Resilience Score

5th of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

2.95

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.32

International Cooperation

3.82

National Policies and Laws

4.18

Judicial System and Detention

2.82

Law Enforcement

3.27

Territorial Integrity

3.73

Anti-Money Laundering

2.91

Economic Regulatory Environment

2.77

Victim and Witness Support

1.86

Prevention

1.95

Non-State Actors

2.77

2.95 5.08 4.63 2.95 5.08 4.63

Central Africa’s criminality score falls below the continental average, placing it third in the regional ranking.

In line with other regions, criminal actors marginally drive up the criminality average for Central Africa, with an average score of 5.08, compared to its criminal markets average score of 4.63. When looking at the criminality components individually, both criminal markets and actors fall below the continental averages (4.68 and 5.25, respectively), suggesting perhaps a more limited distribution of criminality typologies than experienced in other regions. In the context of prolonged conflict in the region and the extensive biodiversity that occurs in many countries in Central Africa, arms trafficking and the environmental markets are far more prevalent than are the drug economies. While the region’s average criminal actors score places this subcomponent in the middle of the regional ranking, state-embedded actors have the highest average score in Central Africa than in any other region on the continent. Central Africa is by some distance the lowest-scoring region in Africa for resilience, with an average score of 2.95. While the region does not perform well on any resilience indicator, collectively it falls particularly short with regard to social protection measures, such as victim and witness support and prevention measures.

Equatorial Guinea

Capital

Malabo

Population

1,308,974

Area

28,050 km²

Coastline Length

296 km

Landborder Length

528 km

GDP total

$13,317.45 million

GDP per capita

$10,173.96

3.53

Criminality Score

49th of 54 African countries

9th of 11 Central Africa countries

Criminal market

3.55

Human Trafficking

3.50

Human Smuggling

2.00

Arms Trafficking

4.00

Flora Crimes

9.00

Fauna Crimes

4.00

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

6.00

Heroin Trade

1.50

Cocaine Trade

1.00

Cannabis Trade

3.50

Synthetic Drugs Trade

1.00

Criminal Actors

3.50

Mafia-Style Groups

1.00

Criminal Networks

2.50

State-Embedded Actors

9.00

Foreign Actors

1.50

2.04

State Resilience Score

48th of 54 African countries

7th of 11 Central Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

1.50

Government Transparency and Accountability

1.00

International Cooperation

2.00

National Policies and Laws

5.50

Judicial System and Detention

2.00

Law Enforcement

2.00

Territorial Integrity

3.50

Anti-Money Laundering

1.50

Economic Regulatory Environment

1.50

Victim and Witness Support

1.00

Prevention

1.00

Non-State Actors

2.00

2.04 3.50 3.55 2.04 3.50 3.55

Equatorial Guinea ranks 49th in the Index and 9th out of the 11 countries in Central Africa, suggesting that it has some of the lowest overall criminality levels on the continent.

The country’s scores for criminal markets and criminal actors are both relatively and equally low in comparison to other African countries, suggesting neither component is disproportionately driving the criminality score. Most criminal markets are considered as either non-existent or having little influence on society. However, flora crimes in Equatorial Guinea have a score of 9, indicating a severe negative influence on nearly all parts of society – largely due to unsustainable logging practices, of which 100% is thought to be illegal. Moreover, illegal oil-related activities are common, leading non-renewable resource crimes to be scored at 6. There is a large disparity in the influence of different criminal actors in Equatorial Guinea. State-embedded actors are by far the most influential, scoring 9. Under resilience, in 48th place Equatorial Guinea ranks as one of Africa’s least-resilient states, with only two resilience indicators exceeding a score of 2. High levels of government involvement in criminal activity, and the profits the government makes from these illicit markets, mean there is little incentive for the state apparatus to combat organised crime in the country.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.