Central Africa
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Central Africa

Population

192,599,175

Area

6,547,170 km²

GDP total

$259,770.71 million

Countries

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe.

4.86

Criminality Score

3rd of 5 African regions

Criminal market

4.63

Human Trafficking

5.41

Human Smuggling

4.27

Arms Trafficking

5.91

Flora Crimes

5.68

Fauna Crimes

5.59

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

5.64

Heroin Trade

3.09

Cocaine Trade

2.55

Cannabis Trade

4.36

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.77

Criminal Actors

5.08

Mafia-Style Groups

3.45

Criminal Networks

5.09

State-Embedded Actors

7.09

Foreign Actors

4.68

2.95

State Resilience Score

5th of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

2.95

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.32

International Cooperation

3.82

National Policies and Laws

4.18

Judicial System and Detention

2.82

Law Enforcement

3.27

Territorial Integrity

3.73

Anti-Money Laundering

2.91

Economic Regulatory Environment

2.77

Victim and Witness Support

1.86

Prevention

1.95

Non-State Actors

2.77

2.95 5.08 4.63 2.95 5.08 4.63

Central Africa’s criminality score falls below the continental average, placing it third in the regional ranking.

In line with other regions, criminal actors marginally drive up the criminality average for Central Africa, with an average score of 5.08, compared to its criminal markets average score of 4.63. When looking at the criminality components individually, both criminal markets and actors fall below the continental averages (4.68 and 5.25, respectively), suggesting perhaps a more limited distribution of criminality typologies than experienced in other regions. In the context of prolonged conflict in the region and the extensive biodiversity that occurs in many countries in Central Africa, arms trafficking and the environmental markets are far more prevalent than are the drug economies. While the region’s average criminal actors score places this subcomponent in the middle of the regional ranking, state-embedded actors have the highest average score in Central Africa than in any other region on the continent. Central Africa is by some distance the lowest-scoring region in Africa for resilience, with an average score of 2.95. While the region does not perform well on any resilience indicator, collectively it falls particularly short with regard to social protection measures, such as victim and witness support and prevention measures.

Morocco

Capital

Rabat

Population

36,029,138

Area

446,300 km²

Coastline Length

1,835 km

Landborder Length

2,363 km

GDP total

$118,495.33 million

GDP per capita

$3,237.88

GINI Index

39.5

4.88

Criminality Score

27th of 54 African countries

3rd of 6 North Africa countries

Criminal market

4.50

Human Trafficking

4.00

Human Smuggling

6.00

Arms Trafficking

1.50

Flora Crimes

2.50

Fauna Crimes

4.50

Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

3.00

Heroin Trade

2.50

Cocaine Trade

6.00

Cannabis Trade

9.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

6.00

Criminal Actors

5.25

Mafia-Style Groups

1.00

Criminal Networks

6.50

State-Embedded Actors

7.50

Foreign Actors

6.00

6.33

State Resilience Score

3rd of 54 African countries

1st of 6 North Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

5.50

Government Transparency and Accountability

6.00

International Cooperation

7.00

National Policies and Laws

7.00

Judicial System and Detention

7.00

Law Enforcement

7.50

Territorial Integrity

6.50

Anti-Money Laundering

6.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

5.50

Victim and Witness Support

6.00

Prevention

6.00

Non-State Actors

6.00

6.33 5.25 4.50 6.33 5.25 4.50

Morocco ranks 27th in Africa in the Index, falling marginally below the continental average for criminality.

While a number of criminal markets in Morocco are relatively limited in scope and influence, multiple markets exert significant negative influence, including human smuggling, the cocaine trade and the synthetic drug trade, all of which score 6. Morocco is one of the most important cannabis producers in the world and a key player in the distribution of the drug across the continent and beyond. Domestic consumption levels of cannabis are high and a large number of people depend on the cannabis industry. It is clear, therefore, that the drugs markets, with the exception of heroin, are the primary drivers behind Morocco’s criminal markets score. State-embedded actors are highly influential in organised crime in Morocco, involved predominantly in corruption and the cannabis market. Similarly, criminal networks, in particular drug trafficking networks, have significant influence in Morocco. With regard to resilience to organised crime, Morocco is one of the best-performing countries on the continent, ranking 3rd overall. While no indicators are scored as highly effective, Morocco nevertheless outperforms almost all African nations, with sufficiently effective regulatory and institutional frameworks. Morocco is particularly proficient in international cooperation, and the effectiveness of the judicial system and law enforcement agencies.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.